Filipino Martial Arts Glossary

X, Y & Z
A (top of page)
Abang to wait defensively
Abanico fan; also spelled "abaniko"
Abanico sa Itaas upper flywheel
Abecedario "ABC's"; the basics
Abierta open position
Agaw to seize, disarm or take away
Agaw-Sandata disarming & retrieval of the weapon
Aldabis diagonal cut, strike or uppercut
Alpabeto alphabet; the basics
Anim six
Anino shadow
Antas level or degree
Antaw long range
Apat four
Araw sun or day
Arnis harness; northern philippine martial art
Arnisador stick fighter
Arnis de Mano "Armor of the Hand"; system
Atras retreat or backward
Avante forward
B (top of page)
Babag worry; trouble
Bago new or before
Bagong-Pasok entry level student
Bagsak to drop; overhead strike with down weighing
Baguhan beginner
Baitang level or stages
Bakbakan a rumble or free-for-all fight
Balaraw dagger
Baligtad reverse or inside out
Bali break
Balik return or retreat
Balisong "butterfly knife"
Balitok tumble
Banatan full-contact fighting
Bansay-bansay training or drills
Bantay guard or watch
Bantay-Kamay support or "alive" hand
Bara-bara wild or formless technique
Baraw dagger
Bartikal vertical cut/strike
Baston stick
Bati-Bati using the butt of the stick
Batikan noteworthy; certified expert
Baywang the hip
Bigay to give
Bigay-bali lock release technique
Bigay-galang salutation
Bihasa expert
Binahagi cut into parts
Binali break or reverse
Bisig the arm
Braso the arm
Buah combination of footwork and form; application of technique
Buhat from or lift
Buhat Araw an overhead strike
Bukas open position
Buklis upward figure 8
Bulusok powerful overhead or diagonal strike
Buno takedown or throws
Bunot to draw a sword
Bunot Kaluban an upward slash followed by a downward slash; a drawing and slashing technique
C (top of page)
Caballero techniques from Grandmaster Caballero
Carera cycling movement or spin
Cadena de Mano chain of hands
Centro Center
Centro Baston holding the stick in the middle
Cerrada close; closed fighting position
Cinco five
Cinco Teros "5 strikes"
Contra counter
Contrada opposite or counter
Corto close range
Cruzada cross-block and strike
Crossada to cross
Cuatro Four
D (top of page)
Daga dagger or short stick
Dakop to catch
Dakot to scoop
Dalawa Two
Dalawampu Twenty
Dalawampu't Isa twenty-one
Dalawang double
Dakip capture
Dakip-Diwa mind-set
Damdam feel or sensitivity
Damdam-Diwa sensitivity; being aware
de Cadena  "the chain"
de Cuerdas "to chord"; system
Defundo stationary
Delikado dangerous
Depensa defense; person taking defensive role in training
Dib-dib the chest
Diin to put pressure on
Dikit close, attached or short
Dikitan very close or close quarters
Diwa mind
Djuru form
Doble double
Doble Baston double stick training
Doblete double or repeat
Doce Pares "12 pairs or 12 strikes"; system
Dos two
Dos Labahas two blades
Dos Manos two hands
Dos Manos Largos two hands with long stick
Dukop to catch
Dukot to snatch or seize unexpectedly
Dukot to reach out
Dulo the tip of the stick
Dumog filipino grappling art
Dungab to strike with the fist
Dungab "heaven" or "hammer" grip
Duslak thrust
E (top of page)
Elastico "rubber band art"; system
Enganyo fake or feint
Entrada entry
Equis "X" or "X" shaped strike
Eskrima "skirmish"; filipino martial art
Eskrimador stick fighter
Espada sword or long stick
Espada y Daga sword & dagger or long & short stick
Estrilla Star
F (top of page)
Fraile "to hit"
G (top of page)
Galang Respect
Galing Skill
Gantihan Exchange of blows
Garote Stick
Garote'ng Itak flat stick
Gitna Center
Gunting "scissors" or passing block
Guro Teacher
H (top of page)
Habang while; in the meantime
Hagad-Hubad strikes & counters
Hagis to throw; a throwing technique
Hagibis whirlwind; throwing & grappling techniques
Hakbang to step; footwork
Hakbang-Paiwas full side step/step to avoid strike
Halo-Halo combination; free flow sparring
Hanay row or line
Han-ay form
Handa "Get ready !"
Hapos strike or slash
Hapsanay free sparring
Hatak to pull
Hataw a full power strike
Hawak to hold
Hawak-Gitna holding the stick in the middle
Hawak-Pakal reverse or ice-pick grip
Hawak-Punyo regular hold on weapon with punyo
Hawak-Sagad regular grip with no punyo
Hawak-Saksak regular or hammer grip
Hawak-Sandata methods of holding a weapon
Hawak-Susi reverse grip; holding at tip of stick
Higot to tie
Hindi no or negative
Hintay wait or pause
Hiwa to slash
Hubad to untie
Hulagpos to escape from capture or restraint
I (top of page)
Ibaba down or below
Ibabaw above or on-top
Ikot turn or about-face
Ikot-Hantaw spinning strike
Ilag to evade
Ilalim under or underneath
Ilustrisimo techniques from Grandmaster Anotio Ilustrisimo
Insayo'ng Training
Ipit to lock, trap or jam
Ipit-Hagis a sacrifice throwing technique
Isang Single
Itaas above, upper or to the front
Itak long sword or bolo
Isa One
Iwas to avoid, dodge or duck
J(top of page)
Juego Todo anything goes or free-for-all fight
K (top of page)
Kaayusan order or organization
Kabakas partner or assistant
Kadena chain or series of movements
Kadyot a shallow, snap thrust
Kalahati half
Kalas disengage, release or disarm
Kalas-Sandata disarming technique
Kalasag to shield
Kali a southern Philippine martial art
Kaliwa left side
Kamay the hand
Kamayan empty-hand training
Kamot to punch
Kanan right side
Kapatid brother
Kasa to cock or chamber; to accept a challenge
Kasama companion/friends
Karunungan knowledge
Katapatan loyalty
Katawan body or torso
Katipunan organization, association or brotherhood
Kenkoy derogatory term used for unrealistic or impractical styles of fighting
Kilat "Lightning Blow"
Kilos movement
Kilos-Paa footwork
Kina-Iya natural
Kris serpentine blade knife
Kunsi grappling techniques
Kuntao "fist way"; system
L (top of page)
Labaha blade
Labahas blades
Laban to fight
Laban-Handa ready-stance
Laban-Laro combat drills or "play fights"
Labanang to fight
Labanang-Dikitan close quarters combat
Labanang-Malapitan medium range combat
Labanang-Malayuan long range combat
Laban-Paluan free-fighting
Laban-Sanay combat-skills training
Labas the outside
Labing-Isa eleven
Labo-labo anything-goes fight
La Contra to meet a strike
Langka footwork
Lansi to confuse or misdirect
Lansing-Tadyak spinning thrust kick
Lansing-Sikad spinning snap kick
Largo long
Largo Mano long range
Largos long
Laro to play
Laro-laro give and take drills or training
Larong to play
La Seguida to follow a strike
Laslas to cut to shreds
Lastiko a style of arnis that emphasizes bobbing & weaving toavoid strikes
Lengua de Fuego a fast series of thrust & slash techniques
Lihim secret
Lihis to the side or side-step
Likos twirl
Lima five
Liyad to lean away
Lock & Block training drill from Serrada Eskrima
Loob the inside
Lubud to blend
Luma old
Lusob attack or partner taking offensive role in the training
Lutangto float; the unique forward and backward footwork of the Ilustrisimo system
M (top of page)
Mabilis fast or speedy
Magaling highly skilled
Magisa alone
Mag-Olisi one who practices stick-fighting
Magulang parents; shrewd or sly
Mahina weak or of poor skills
Maharlika noble or nobility
Mahusay skillful
Malakas strong, powerful or influential
Malapitan near or close
Malayuan far or distant
Mandirigma warrior
Mano hand
Mano y Mano hand to hand
Marami many or numerous
Maraming Salamat Po "Many thanks"
Marunong knowledgeable
Masipag earnest or hard working
Masugid dedicated or loyal
Matibay strong, durable or lasting
Matira to be left or to be the last
Matira Matibay Survival of the Fittest
Mayto  have
May-Alam to posses the seeds of knowledge
Medio medium range
Meteorica meteoric strike from Grandmaster Caballero
Mukha the face
Muli again or one more time
N (top of page)
Nakahanda ready
Naka-Upo seated
Nakaw to steal
Ng of
O (top of page)
Olisi Stick
Olisi-hay Sparring with sticks
Opo Respectful form of saying "yes"
Oracion a prayer for protection
Ordabis Backhand strike
P (top of page)
Paa Foot
Paayon Going with the force
Paawas to parry
Pababa downward
Pag-Galang salutation or show of respect
Pagsasanay training
Pagsilang birth or sunrise
Pagsisisi atonement or repentance
Pahimsug exercises or calisthenics
Pahisa a slashing motion
Paikot rotate
Paikot circular strike
Paiwas to avoid
Pakal "ice pick" grip
Palad palm of the hand
Palakas strengthening
Palakas-Pulso wrist-strengthening exercises
Palis sweep or sweeping parry
Palis-Patid a sweeping throw
Palisut to scoop
Palisut-sut skipping strike
Palit change or exchange
Palit-Kamay change or exchange grip
Palitan alternating
Palo to strike
Paluan exchange of strikes
Pananandata study of the weapons of the Philippines
Pama-a footwork
Panastas to slash
Panata a devotion
Pangamot empty-hand defense
Pangandam on-guard or ready position
Pang-Ikyas evasion or dodge
Pangilog disarming
Pang-Olisi stick fighting
Pang-Ubot hold or grip
Panibago new or a revival
Pani-il footwork
Panimbang balance
Panipis to skim or cut thinly
Panukad fighting stance
Parusa punishment
Pasada de Contra pass and hit
Pasok to enter, inside or on target
Pasulong forward
Pasungkit to thrust upward
Pataas upward
Patalim dagger or blade weapon
Patalon jumping or multi-level strikes
Patibong to trap
Patid to trip
Patusok in a thrusting motion
Paulit-ulit repetitive
Pa-upo half side step/sitting down
Pauyon go-with-the force technique
Payong umbrella
Payong sa Itaas upper umbrella block
Pekiti close range
Piga to squeeze or wring
Piglas to struggle or resist
Pikon one who is easily upset
Piktos a snap strike
Pilay sprain or dislocation
Pinahandog diagonal downward strike
Pinatag horizontal strike
Pinasaka diagonal upward strike
Pinasaka Tuhod rising knee strike
Pinatindog vertical downward strike
Pingga a long staff fighting system
Pinid closed position
Pintok a wrist snap strike
Pito seven
Planchada a horizontal strike
Plansada horizontal cut/strike
Pluma pen
Po a suffix denoting respect
Prakcion to react faster than the opponent
Pukpok to hammer or pummel
Pulso pulse or wrist
Puluhan handle or butt
Punong Guro head teacher & founder of system
Punyo butt of stick
Q (top of page)
R (top of page)
Redonda continuous double stick technique
Redondo circular power strike
Retirada to retreat
Rompida an upward and downward slash
Ronda circular movement of the hands or weapon
Ropillon a double stick technique or movement
S (top of page)
Sa to or of
Sabayan Simultaneous; to attack or counter at the same time
Sablay Incomplete or imperfect; a low right to left horizontal blow
Saboy to throw or scatter; an upward right to left diagonal strike
Sadang reverse position
Sagang defense
Sagasa to charge or to overrun
Sakay to ride or go with the force
Sakay-Salag eskrima sticky hands; to follow the motion of the blocked/ checked weapon or attack
Sakong heel
Sakong-Palad palm-heel
Saksak to thrust
Sasak Hatak a technique using fast withdrawal and twisting of the weapon to inflict a cut on the opponents checking or blocking hand
Salag block or parry
Salagba downward block
Salagbas outside dodging and parrying
Salag-Bisig forearm block
Salagsok inside dodging and parrying
Salagtas upward block
Salakay to charge or attack
Salamat to thank
Salamin mirror or reaction drill
Salisi opposing or opposite direction
Salok an upward strike with the edge or point
Saltik a snap strike
Salubong to meet head-on
Sama to join or go with
Sambut combination of footwork & form; application of technique
Sampu ten
Sanay training or exposure
Sandata weapon
Sangga to block
Saplet quick disarm
Sawali interwoven slats of wood use for walls
Serada closed
Serrada close quarters or "closing"
Sibat staff
Sibog retreat or backward
Sikad side kick
Sikad-Gilid side snap kick
Sikad-Hataw snap roundhouse kick
Sikad-Sungkite snap hook kick
Sikad-Tusok front snap kick
Sikaran a Philippine martial art emphasizing kicking & empty handskills
Siklod to kiss the hand of an elder; a wrist lock
Siklod Bangga a wrist lock that uses the shoulder as a leverage point
Sikmura solar plexus
Siko the elbow
Sikot push kick
Sikwat to pry; an upward strike with the punyo
Sikwat-Siko a come-along lock with the elbow as the primary lock or center of pressure
Silat to outmaneuver or overpower
Sinawalli to weave; a continuous double stick technique
Siniguro to make doubly sure; a follow-up trapping or jamming technique (Lameco Eskrima)
Sipa to kick; also a game
Sipalit a training drill for alternating kicks
Sipang-Hataw roundhouse kick
Siyam nine
Sogo finger-tip thrust
Solo single
Songab finger jab
Songkiti to thrust
Sugod to attack or rush forward
Suklian an exchange of strikes
Suko to surrender or give-up
Sulong to go forward or go ahead
Suliwa pass or deflect
Sumbalik counter
Sumbrada upper umbrella block
Sumpa a vow or oath
Sungkite a technique that emphasizes thrusts
Sundot a jab or quick thrust
Suntok to punch
Suplete quick disarm
Susi key
Suwag head-butt
Suyop a go with the force technique
Swapang selfish or self-interested
T (top of page)
Tabas Talahib a horizontal strike
Tabak-Toyok nunchaku
Tadtad full of or multiples of
Tadyak thrust kick
Tadyak-Gilid side thrust kick
Tadyak-Sakong back thrust kick
Tadyak-Tusok front thrust kick
Taga to strike or cut
Tagang Alanganin an outwards horizontal strike aimed at the upper torso region
Tagang Buhat Araw an overhead strike aimed at the top of the head
Tagang Pasumala primarily a parry, a sweeping upward diagonal strike used to deflect a weapon
Tagang San Miguel a diagonal downward and inward strike aimed at the upper torso
Tagapagsanay trainer or assistant instructor
Tagapagturo senior assistant instructor
Tala star
Talang Bartikal vertical block
Talas sharp or to sharpen
Talas Damdam sensitivity training
Tapa to step on the foot
Tapi to parry or deflect
Tapik to nudge, defelct or parry
Tapi-on to block, parry, defelct or check
Tapi-Tapi checking; a series of parries & blocks
Tapos finished or the end
Tatlo three
Tatlumpu thirty
Tatlumpu't Isa thirty one
Tatsulok triangle
Taub facing downward
Tayo stance
Teka wait, halt or pause
Tiempo timing
Tigil stop or cease
Tigpas a horizontal strike directed at the knees
Tihaya facing upward
Tiniklink footwork drill
Tisod to stumble
Totsada to thrust
Totsar to thrust
Trancada to lock or locks
Tuhod the knee
Tulisan the knife-fighting art of Kali Illustrisimo
Tuloy-tuloy continuous
Tunga-tunga medium range
Tuo to the right
Tusok to thrust
Tuyok cycling movement or to spin
U (top of page)
Ulo the head
Upo seat
V (top of page)
W (top of page)
Wala to the left
Walis to sweep
Walo eight
Warwok a weapon hand capture that rebounds the weapon into the attackers body
Wetik wrist snap strike
Witik wrist snap strike
X, Y & Z (top of page)
Yabag the sound of footsteps
Yabang show-off
Yakap hug, hold, embrace or clinch
Yantoc rattan stick
Yukbo salutation
Yuko to duck or bow


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